Gymnastics is a sport involving the performance of exercises requiring balance, strength, flexibility, agility, endurance and control. The movements involved in gymnastics contribute to the development of the arms, legs, shoulders, chest and abdominal muscle groups. Alertness, precision, daring, self-confidence and self-discipline are mental traits that can also be developed through gymnastics. In women’s gymnastics, there are four activities: floor, uneven bars, balance beam, and vault. In men’s gymnastics, there are six activities: floor exercise, parallel bars, high bar, pommel horse, vault, and rings.
There are several forms of gymnastics, including rhythmic gymnastics, artistic gymnastics, acrobatics, trampolining, and wheel gymnastics and no handed gymnastics. In artistic gymnastics, gymnasts perform short routines using different pieces of equipment. Acrobatics involves showing balance and performing flips on the floor or in the air. In trampolining, gymnasts do routines using only the trampoline. Wheel gymnasts exercise in a large wheel called a German wheel.
Artistic gymnastics was introduced at the very first Olympic Games in 1896 in Athens, and has been present at every edition of the Games since then. At the beginning, it comprised disciplines that are difficult to qualify as “artistic”, such as climbing and acrobatics.
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Athletics is a collection of sporting events that involve competitive running, jumping, throwing, and walking. The most common types of athletics competitions are track and field, road running, cross country running, and race walking. The results of racing events are decided by finishing position (or time, where measured), while the jumps and throws are won by the athlete that achieves the highest or furthest measurement from a series of attempts. The simplicity of the competitions, and the lack of a need for expensive equipment, makes athletics one of the most commonly competed sports in the world. Athletics is mostly an individual sport, with the exception of relay races and competitions which combine athletes’ performances for a team score, such as cross country. The athletics meeting forms the backbone of the Summer Olympics.
Athletics has been contested at every Summer Olympics since the birth of the modern Olympic movement at the 1896 Summer Olympics.
“A total of 47 athletics events are held at the Olympics, 24 for men and 23 for women.”
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Anju Bobby George
Basketball is a team sport. Two teams of five players each try to score by shooting a ball through a hoop elevated 10 feet above the ground. The game is played on a rectangular floor called the court, and there is a hoop at each end.
Basketball at the Summer Olympics has been a sport for men consistently since 1936. Women’s basketball has been played in the Summer Olympics since its first appearance in 1976.
The United States is by far the most successful country in Olympic basketball, with United States men’s teams having won 15 of 18 tournaments in which they participated, including seven consecutive titles from 1936 thru 1968. United States women’s teams have won 8 titles out of the 10 tournaments in which they competed, including six in a row from 1996 to 2016. Besides the United States, Argentina is the only nation still in existence who has won either the men’s or women’s tournament. The Soviet Union, Yugoslavia and the Unified Team are the countries no longer in existence who have won the tournament.
The first women’s tournament was in 1976. The Soviet Union won against five other teams. The next two tournaments followed the six-team round-robin format, with the Soviets defending their title in 1980, and the United States winning in 1984, against the South Koreans, amidst the Soviet-led boycott. In 1988, the tournament expanded into eight teams, with the Americans beating Yugoslavia in the gold medal game. In 1992, after the demise of the USSR, the Unified Team won against China in the gold medal game. In 1996, the tournament settled into its current 12-team format; the United States has won all of the tournaments since then, winning 48 consecutive games.
Shuttlecock, racquet. … Badminton is a racquet sport played using racquets to hit a shuttlecock across a net. Although it may be played with larger teams, the most common forms of the game are “singles” (with one player per side) and “doubles” (with two players per side).
The 1972 Summer Olympics in Munich saw the first appearance of badminton, as a demonstration sport. Two decades later the sport debuted in competition at the Barcelona1992 games where 4 events were held, with singles and doubles events for both men and women. Four medals were awarded in each event, including two bronzes. The next Olympics, Atlanta 1996, had 5 events with the addition of mixed doubles. There was also now a playoff between the two semifinal losers to determine the sole winner of the bronze medal. This format has continued to 2016.
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The name football comes from the two words “foot” and “ball”. It is named football because the players of the game walk and run (on foot) while playing. The ball is often kicked with the foot, but depending on the game, it can also be hit using other parts of the body (in association football). The main objective of soccer is to score a goal with any part of the body except the arms and hands. A football match is played by two teams of no more than eleven players each, with one player per side playing a goalkeeper.
Association football has been included in every Summer Olympic Games as a men’s competition sport, except 1896 and 1932. Women’s football was added to the official program in 1996.
Sports Education Development India Limited (SEDIL) is committed to providing high quality sports education programs across India. Our company is a joint partnership between education experts Podar Enterprise and Kohinoor Group, and has a combined experience of over 150 years in education. We have always strived to ‘lead the way in the Sports Education space in India’ and our experience in this field allows us to provide a quality addition to the Indian education system.
As our first entry into the sports education field, we have secured the exclusive rights to deliver Cricket Australia designed Cricket Education Program (CEP) in India.